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Twins Who Were Joined At The Spine Are Successfully Separated After An Incredibly Risky 18-Hour Operation (PHOTOS)   
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Conjoined twins who shared spinal cords have successfully been separated during a gruelling eighteen-hour operation.

The operation on one-year-old Nigerian sisters Hussaina and Hassana Badaru involved 40 doctors, and is only the fourth such separation to be carried out in the world.

The pair, who were born with a condition called pygopagus in Kano, Nigeria, were joined at the hip and had spinal cord fusion, while also sharing a lower gastrointestinal passage and genitalia.

Specialist surgeons at BLK Super Speciality Hospital in New Delhi, India, conducted the separation on August 12.

They carried out two procedures - one to divide the twins, and one reconstructive operation.

The procedures - which cost an estimated £64,000 and were paid for by a Nigerian philanthropist - were so risky that doctors were forced to conduct practice runs on dummies before attempting it for real.

Dr Prashant Jain, the paediatric surgeon who led the team, said: ‘The separation of the Badaru twins was a big challenge as they had unusual sharing of alimentary canal, genitourinary system and nervous system.
‘We overcame this with meticulous planning and team work. Rehearsals were carried out using dummies.

‘Every surgical step was defined and rehearsed over and over again till it reached precision.

‘The girls were colour coded, one pink and the other blue, for eight days before the surgery so that there would be no error at all.

‘All tubes, wires, catheters, leads, syringes, injections and drugs were also colour coded in accordance with the pink or blue code to avoid any error or miscalculation.’

Head of anaesthesiology, Dr Valecha, added: ‘The most difficult task in this surgery was the anaesthetist’s job which was challenging by the fact that whatever drug was given to one twin, the other would receive it inadvertently through a large sharing vein therefore it needed to be calculated and monitored carefully.’

For the girls’ parents, father Badaru, and mother Malama Badariyya Badaru, it was the culmination of a long process to save their daughters.


Source: Dailymail.co.uk

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